In today's increasingly technology based society, a knowledge and understanding of mathematics is becoming ever more important in many aspects of everyday life.  The goal of the Primary School mathematics curriculum is to structure mathematics education so that children experience the enjoyment and fascination of mathematics and see the value and importance of it as they gain confidence and skills.  All children need to be comfortable with a broad range of mathematical concepts as well as arithmetical operations.

At each grade level, children will gain essential and progressive understanding and see relationships in the mathematical areas, which represent the main strands of the curriculum.  Special emphasis is placed on problem-solving experiences, their applications, and the importance of communicating mathematical ideas effectively.  Students will engage with five strands of mathematics to develop the following understandings:


  • Our number system is a language for describing quantities and the relationships between quantities.
  • The operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are related to one another and are used to process information in order to solve problems.

Pattern and Function

  • The study of mathematical patterns and function helps us to organise and understand the world around us.
  • The repetitive features of patterns can be identified and described as generalised rules called functions.

Shape and Space

  • The regions, paths and boundaries of natural space can be described by shape.
  • An understanding of the interrelationships of shape allows us to interpret, understand and appreciate our multi-dimensional world.


  • Measurement is the assignment of a numerical value to an attribute of an object.
  • A variety of tools and techniques allow us to understand attributes, and apply units and systems, of measurement.

Data Handling

  • Data can be recorded, organised, represented and summarised in a variety of ways.
  • Probability can be expressed qualitatively by using terms such as unlikely, certain or impossible. It can be expressed quantitatively on a numerical scale.

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